How Is a Gum Biopsy Performed?

A gum biopsy is typically performed by a dentist or an oral surgeon. The procedure includes the following steps:

  • Preparation: The area to be biopsied is cleaned and numbed with a local anesthetic to minimize discomfort.
  • Tissue Removal: Using a scalpel or biopsy punch, a small piece of gum tissue is carefully removed. In some cases, a laser may be used to excise the tissue.
  • Handling the Sample: The removed tissue is placed in a special solution to preserve it and then sent to a laboratory for histopathological examination.
  • Closure: If necessary, the biopsy site may be closed with stitches. If a laser is used, it might seal the tissue, making stitches unnecessary.