How is adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnosed?

Diagnosis of ALL involves a combination of tests, including:

  • Blood tests: To check blood cell counts and identify abnormal cells
  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy: To examine bone marrow for the presence of leukemia cells
  • Cytogenetic analysis: To look for chromosomal abnormalities in the leukemia cells
  • Immunophenotyping: To identify the specific type of leukemia cells