How is adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated?

Adult treatment ALL typically involves several phases:

Remission induction therapy: Aims to eliminate leukemia cells from the blood and bone marrow and achieve remission. This usually involves combination chemotherapy.

Post-remission therapy: Aims to destroy any remaining leukemia cells and prevent relapse. This may involve chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or stem cell transplant.

Central nervous system (CNS) prophylaxis: Aims to prevent leukemia cells from spreading to the brain and spinal cord. This may involve intrathecal chemotherapy or radiation therapy.