How is HIV Transmitted and What Can be Done to Prevent Transmission?

HIV is transmitted through contact with:
Certain body fluids including blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk, from an infected person.

Common modes of transmission include:

  • Unprotected sexual intercourse
  • Sharing needles or syringes
  • From mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding

To prevent transmission, individuals can practice safer sex, use condoms consistently and correctly, avoid sharing needles or syringes, and undergo HIV testing and counseling.