How to Diagnose Polymyalgia Rheumatica?

Diagnosing polymyalgia rheumatica involves doing several tests:

  • A physical examination along with joint and neurological examination is done. These test results help the doctor to determine the cause of the pain and stiffness.

  • Blood tests such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) is done. Some people with polymyalgia rheumatica will have slightly high ESR and CRP or normal range of these levels.

  • Imaging tests such as ultrasound is done to distinguish polymyalgia rheumatica from other conditions that cause similar symptoms. MRI helps to identify other causes of shoulder pain.