How to Treat Aplastic Anemia?

Treatment for aplastic anemia depends on the severity of the condition and age of the person. It also includes observation, blood transfusion, medication or bone marrow transplantation.

  • Blood Transfusions - It can control bleeding and relieve symptoms by providing blood cells that bone marrow isn’t producing. The affected person can receive red blood cells and platelets. Red blood cells raise red blood cell counts and help to relieve anemia and fatigue. Platelets relieve excess bleeding.
  • Stem Cell Transplant - A stem cell transplant to rebuild bone marrow with stem cells from the donor might be a successful treatment option for people with aplastic anemia.
  • Immunosuppressants - For people who cannot undergo bone marrow transplant or for those whose aplastic anemia is due to an autoimmune disorder, treatment involves taking drugs that alter or suppress the immune system.
  • Bone Marrow Stimulants - It helps to stimulate bone marrow to produce new red blood cells.
  • Antibiotics and Antivirals- In case of severe aplastic anemia, the doctor might prescribe antibiotics or antivirals to prevent infections.