What Are the Common Causes of Anemia in Women?

Anemia in women can be caused by several factors, including:

  • Iron Deficiency: Inadequate dietary intake of iron, blood loss due to menstruation or childbirth, gastrointestinal bleeding, and pregnancy-related iron requirements can lead to iron deficiency anemia.
  • Vitamin B12 Deficiency: Poor dietary intake, malabsorption disorders, autoimmune conditions, and certain medications can cause vitamin B12 deficiency anemia.
  • Folate Deficiency: Inadequate dietary intake, malabsorption disorders, alcoholism, pregnancy, and certain medications can result in folate deficiency anemia.
  • Chronic Diseases: Conditions such as chronic kidney disease, inflammatory bowel disease, cancer, and autoimmune disorders can lead to anemia due to underlying medical conditions or treatments.
  • Menstrual Bleeding: Heavy menstrual bleeding or prolonged periods can cause iron deficiency anemia, particularly in women of childbearing age.
  • Pregnancy: The increased demand for iron and other nutrients during pregnancy can lead to anemia if the dietary intake and prenatal care are inadequate.