What Are the Risks and Complications of a Gum Biopsy?

While a gum biopsy is generally safe, it carries some risks and potential complications, including:

  • Bleeding: Minor bleeding at the biopsy site is common, but significant bleeding is rare.
  • Infection: There is a small risk of infection at the biopsy site.
  • Pain and Discomfort: Some patients may experience pain or discomfort at the biopsy site, which can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers.
  • Swelling and Bruising: Mild swelling and bruising around the biopsy site may occur.
  • Numbness: Temporary numbness in the area may result from the local anesthetic or the biopsy procedure.