What Are the Symptoms of HIV and How is it Diagnosed?

Many people with HIV may not experience any symptoms in the early stages of infection. However, some individuals may develop flu-like symptoms, such as:

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen glands
  • Rash

This occurs within a few weeks to months after exposure. As HIV progresses, symptoms may vary and can include:

  • Persistent fever
  • Night sweats
  • Weight loss
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Opportunistic infections

HIV is diagnosed through blood tests that detect the presence of HIV antibodies or the virus itself.