What do abnormal kidney test results indicate?

Abnormal kidney test results can indicate various kidney disorders or abnormalities, such as:

  • Acute or chronic kidney disease
  • Kidney infections or inflammation
  • Kidney stones or obstruction
  • Electrolyte imbalances (e.g., high potassium or low calcium levels)
  • Proteinuria (presence of abnormal amounts of protein in the urine)
  • Hematuria (presence of blood in the urine)