What Is a Gum Biopsy?

A gum biopsy is a medical procedure in which a small sample of tissue is taken from the gums (gingiva) for examination under a microscope. This procedure is typically performed to diagnose abnormalities in the gum tissue, such as lesions, growths, or areas of persistent inflammation. The biopsy helps identify conditions like infections, benign tumors, precancerous lesions, and oral cancers.