What is the Relationship Between Anemia and Heart Disease?

Anemia and heart disease are closely related, as anemia can exacerbate heart conditions and vice versa. Low hemoglobin levels can reduce the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood, making the heart work harder to supply oxygen to tissues, potentially worsening heart failure and increasing the risk of angina and heart attacks. Conversely, heart disease can lead to anemia by causing chronic blood loss or through the use of medications that affect blood cell production.